Tick Borne Encephalitis

Tick-borne encephalitis

Ticks are parasites that live by sucking blood from wild animals and humans. Tick-borne encephalitis is a type of viral encephalitis which is caused by a virus spread through tick bites.

You will find ticks usually in forests and rural areas where there are large areas of vegetation. Those who are completing recreational activities in these areas e.g. hiking, walking and camping are most at risk

Risk areas for Tick-borne encephalitis

Tick-borne encephalitis vaccination

You will find Tick-borne encephalitis commonly in three regions of the world:

  • Western Europe (including some parts of the UK)
  • Eastern Europe (Western Russia, Poland and Ukraine)
  • The Far-East (Eastern Russia, China and Japan)

People who are more likely to contract tick-borne encephalitis while abroad will do so in spring, summer and early autumn.

Symptoms usually occur without delay.


  • Fever/flu symptoms
  • Neck stiffness
  • Severe, consistent headache
  • Nausea
  • Lapses in consciousness
  • Seizures
  • Confusion
  • Death (if left untreated)


Speak to our travel experts about how to avoid tick bites, removing ticks and treatments.

Vaccinating against Tick-Borne Encephalitis

For further information, speak to one of our travel experts or visit your local travel clinic.

Content Reviewed By

Ghulam Haydar,
MPharm, IPresc
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